A1 - Dany Bahar
A1 - Andreas Hauptmann
A1 - Cem Özgüzel
A1 - Hillel Rapoport
TI - Migration and Post-Conflict Reconstruction: The Effect of Returning Refugees on Export Performance in the Former Yugoslavia
IS - 2019-12
T3 - Working Papers
KW - Migration
KW - Refugees
KW - Knowledge Diffusion
KW - Management
KW - Exports
N2 - During the early 1990s Germany offered temporary protection to over 600,000 Yugoslavian refugees fleeing war. By 2000, many had been repatriated. We exploit this natural experiment to investigate the role of migrants in post-conflict reconstruction in the former Yugoslavia, using exports as outcome. Using confidential social security data to capture intensity of refugee workers to German industries –and exogenous allocation rules for asylum seekers within Germany as instrument– we find an elasticity of exports to return migration between 0.08 to 0.24. Our results are stronger in knowledge-intensive industries and for workers in occupations intensive in analytical and managerial skills.
ER -